Football – College Football, Part 1

If you are interested in football, especially in college football, read on to learn some interesting insight into the roots of the game.

In the 1890s college football had already created strong emotions of love and hate. Big-time eastern football had demonstrated that it could draw large crowds, create alumni support, and build an identity that would attract new students. The fact that it had little to do with classical education bothered only the traditionalists on campus and a handful of crotchety purists elsewhere who wrote critically of football in magazines, newspaper articles, and official college reports.

Outward appearances may have changed, but the gridiron problems in that era appear remarkably similar to the present. In the 1890s big-time recruiters and alumni contacts scoured the eastern prep schools for talented juniors and seniors ready to entice them to Harvard, Yale, or Princeton. Occasionally, unscrupulous alumni convinced students to quit high school before they graduated in order to enroll at an institution with a big-time team. Boosters funneled tuition money to poor but athletically talented boys from the coal fields of Pennsylvania and the industrial towns of the Northeast to preparatory schools in order to prepare them for big-time college athletics. Some of these young men were in their mid-twenties when they finally entered college. Other athletes went from school to school selling their services, phantom players who had no academic ties with the institution.

Big-time alumni football entrepreneurs?the counterpart of today’s athletic directors?arranged a schedule of games which began with weak teams and worked up to big money games held in New York, Boston, and Philadelphia. Gridiron profits supported stadium building, sumptuous living quarters and training tables for players, as well as Pullman cars for retinues of trainers, massagers, alumni coaches, and other hangers-on who followed the team to the big games. What was left over went to support an array of lesser sports that big-time football had eclipsed.

At the major football schools critics complained that football players became the campus elite, admired by their fellow students and regarded skeptically by many faculty. In the absence of professional football, players basked in the attention of the media, and the names of the gridiron stars appeared regularly in the sports pages of big city newspapers. Even college faculty and presidents had to be properly worshipful of football and its elite because they knew that football advertised their schools and helped to retain the loyalty of alumni. As a result, they often ignored or remained blissfully unaware of scams to admit unqualified students, play athletes who never enrolled, or resort to stratagems to keep weak players eligible.

Though booster organizations did not exist outside of alumni groups, booster alumni and townspeople, student managers, and even faculty engaged in unethical acts. A Princeton alumnus named Patterson entertained football players and made every effort to entice them to his alma mater. Authorities at Swarthmore lured the huge lineman, Bob (“Tiny”) Maxwell, from the University of Chicago and arranged for the president of the college to pass his bills to a prominent alumnus. Professor Woodrow Wilson, a fanatic Princeton enthusiast, shamelessly used football when he spoke to alumni organizations and vigorously opposed football reform in the 1890s and early 1900s. In contrast, Theodore Roosevelt, a Harvard graduate, who gloried in the strenuous life and strongly supported Harvard football, turned against football brutality in 1905 and initiated the first efforts in his capacity as president to reform the spirit in which big-time football teams competed.

We know that the prototype for athletic organization began at eastern institutions in the 1880s and 1890s. Yale’s Walter Camp, “the father of American football,” became the model for the coach and athletic director. While pursuing a business career, he also acted as Yale’s de facto vice president for athletic operations, who dominated the rules committees and ceaselessly publicized the game. From the profits of big games in Boston and New York, Camp created an ample reserve fund that supported lesser sports, afforded lush treatment for athletes, and provided the money that eventually went toward building Yale Bowl, the first of the modern football stadiums. By making Yale into an athletic powerhouse, Camp built the school’s reputation, making it second only to Harvard. Because he succeeded so well, Camp became the first big-name foe of sweeping football reforms?and an especially hard-core opponent of the forward pass.

By the turn of century the deaths of players in football led state legislators to introduce laws banning the gridiron game. Players for big-time teams, critics charged, were coached to injure their opponents or “put them out of business.” The nature of the game, with its mass formations and momentum plays, made football less an athletic contest than a collegiate version of warlike combat. Eventually the violence in football led to attempts to reduce its brutality through reforms. New rules put a strong emphasis on better officiating and on less dangerous formations, but they did not necessarily improve the athletic environment.

The deaths and brutality presented an excellent opportunity to root out the worst excesses of the runaway football culture. In the 1890s and early 1900s, responding to public opinion, professors and presidents spent a great deal of time talking about the overemphasis of intercollegiate athletics?and, in some cases, passing rules at the conference and institutional level to regulate college sports. Why, then, did college presidents and faculty, who had far more authority over their students than their modern counterparts, fail to control the gridiron beast? Put differently, why did school presidents and faculty often themselves become part of the athletic problem?

. One problem might be that faculty members played major roles in introducing early football. In addition to Woodrow Wilson, who served as a part-time coach at Wesleyan, an English instructor at Oklahoma who had recently come from Harvard, Vernon Parrington, taught the fundamentals of football on the windswept practice field in Oklahoma. At Miami University of Ohio the president called upon all able-bodied members of the faculty to go out for football. In a game between North Carolina and Virginia a member of the North Carolina faculty scored the winning touchdown. Often the faculty proved helpful to the budding football programs in other ways such as giving athletes passing grades or writing articles arguing that football built intellect. Only a handful, like Wisconsin’s Frederick Jackson Turner, made a determined effort to root out the abuses in the culture of college football such as the intense media attention given to the sport and its tendency to cushion star athletes from academic requirements. That was more than a century ago. When we turn to the 1980s and 1990s what do we encounter? Outward appearances of football may have changed, but the problems appear hauntingly similar. Big-time football teams induce players to attend their institution with offers of cars and money as well as running booster operations to funnel cash to blue-chip players. Players who obtain special admission or enter the institution fraudulently do so only to play football and often leave without graduating. Schools manage to keep their players eligible by manufacturing credits or by easing them into simple courses in which they are assured of receiving passing grades. Some coaches engage in violence toward players in practice and even try to drive them out of school so that they can use their scholarship slot.

Athletic departments and institutional officials have become obsessed with the potential for profits from televised big games or bowl games. Big-time teams in the NCAA try to manipulate the organization so that they will be able to have more coaches, scholarships, and only minimal academic requirements. Players commit acts of violence and brutality, then manage to avoid the consequences. College presidents whose salaries and prominence fall far short of the head football coaches dutifully show up at football games and related alumni events, treading cautiously around the mire of big-time college athletics.

All of this has added up to major athletic scandals, most of them involving big-time football. Scandals such as the pay-for-play violations at Southern Methodist and Auburn from the late 1970s to the early 1990s man-aged to create internal disruptions and negative publicity at numbers of big-name institutions. Yet, in spite of the obvious flaws in college football, it continues to enlarge its grip on the major universities. The athletic foundations persist in enlarging their massive gridiron complexes, selling the rights to buy tickets for upscale luxury boxes and suites, and then collecting additional revenues for the sale of high-priced tickets. The major teams have created indoor facilities out of donations that might have gone to deserving but impoverished non-athletes for scholarships. While quasi-professional student-athletes play the game, ordinary students have little to do with the sport. In an atmosphere of highly specialized career coaches, publicists, trainers, and tutors, college football reflects more than ever the professionalism that reformers long ago set out to de-emphasize.

No one would deny that football constitutes one of the most entertaining and enjoyable spectator sports. In the early days some faculty believed that the student enthusiasm for football would enable the institutions to alleviate the pervasive antisocial behavior of undergraduates. Being aware of its appeal, most athletic critics and reformers attempted to change football rather than to abolish it. The few colleges that dropped football did so it because the school had no choice or, occasionally, because a college president happened to wield unusual power at a critical moment in football’s history. Far and away the largest group of thoughtful gridiron critics have attempted to reform football and to reshape it in such a way that it fit more reasonably and appropriately into the spirit and life of the university. Why have they not succeeded?

Beginning in the 1890s and continuing into the 1990s, reformers have spent tens of thousands of hours attending meetings and conferences, devising new rules to solve the latest problems that have cropped up, and generally trying to work out better systems for their own institutions; in the early 1900s moderate reformers founded the NCAA to deal with deaths and brutality and to put football securely under the thumb of the faculty and college presidents. Again in the early 1950s, in a groundswell of outrage against cheating, gambling, and subsidies for athletes, college presidents and faculty members tried to create stricter standards to reduce the greed and professionalism in football rather than to drop it altogether. In the 1980s and early 1990s an outbreak of scandal in big-time football resulted the same response of temporary uneasiness and halting reforms which had become by then a pattern in the history of college football.

The outbreak in the 1980s once again clearly emphasized the failure of reform to bring about real change. In three major periods of gridiron upheaval the colleges have been unable or unwilling to eliminate the causes of chronic cheating. While political reforms by Congress and the states have achieved some enduring success, football and big-time athletics generally have had to face the same issues again and again?much like Sisyphus repeatedly pushing the stone uphill. Why does big-time football manage to be almost constantly in a state of crisis? Is there some quality about football, or college sports generally, or a flaw in higher education which causes this turmoil? If the Greek ideal of education stands for the training of body, spirit, and mind, why have the colleges failed so abysmally at their mission?

Good question, isn’t it? But the answer is beyond the subject of this article ? and, unfortunately, beyond the expertise of the college football experts.

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Give New Heights to Your Career With Online Classes And Degree

If you are a working professional and want to achieve new career heights, salary hike, and career advancement or just want to finish degree program, then join online classes to get degree certificate. Online Learning classes have become latest trend for getting degree or diploma certificates to get better job opportunity in corporate world. Online learning methods have been well appreciated across the globe for its flexibility in timings, classroom assignments, exams, transfer credits, lower cost and study materials. There are other benefits of online degree which have been described below.

Anytime anywhere Working professionals or students can take admission in any courses and attend classes according to their convenience. The classroom time is not confined for any learners, so they can enroll in any e- learning classes anytime anywhere throughout this world.

24/7 accessibility E-learning classes are available 24/7, as course materials are accessible through internet, so students can read, discuss and also share views with faculty members. No matter whatever one’s working schedule is online classes are available for day and night.

Various online courses offered There are no any geographical boundaries for Online Degree classes, so working professionals can select any courses that bright their future. Online colleges are offering various courses for e- learning classes like MBA, marketing, communication, computer programming, media management, human resource management and others.

Low cost E- Learning classes usually cost less than traditional classroom study programs, as infrastructure, textbook materials, lab facilities and faculty members may cost high. But, online class materials are prepared with multimedia design with the help of subject matter experts which cost very low expenditure. Many adult students are taking these advantages to groom their career as Online Degree is the easiest way to get new career achievements.

Flexible study timing One of the major advantages of Online Learning program is that it provides extremely flexible timings for study schedule and no matter whatever your responsibilities or working hours, you can select your own learning hours. If you have children at home or part -time or full -time job or any other accountabilities which have become obstacle in your career, then choose your own study timetable, and also do your other responsibilities.

Balance your job and class Time is the big factor for working professionals, as students and instructors both need to come in the classroom center at specific time which consumes time, energy and money. So, taking degree from traditional channels become hurdle for students, but Online degree programs are offered with suitable timings, courses and certificates, so that a person can earn while learning.

Advice from experts Online teachers or lecturers are skilled in their respective fields and they know how to face new challenges of Online Learning classes like solving analytical problems, listening to each student’s problem to online group discussion on any subject. Live group chat gives much exposure to the students with practical examples and clearing concepts. Students can join group chat or may associate with groups of experts through online chat, this establishes better communication medium between faculty members and students. It gives valuable insights for e- learning classes.

Conclusion Online Degree has become popular trend for many good reasons, as many top- class universities are offering various ranges of online degree courses which gives new job opportunities for working students and professionals. Time flexibility, availability of a number of courses, no classroom sitting hassles and low cost have made it one of the prevalent choices among aspirants.


Digital Media Degrees: School Accreditation, Admission Requirements And

The terms digital media, multimedia, media art, and digital media art are often used interchangeably. These disciplines are quite similar, so the education path and skills required are similar as well. Digital media artists use digital technology to create images to use in advertising campaigns, film, video, and publishing.

Because of the advanced level of technology used to create images for clients, most firms prefer a bachelor?s degree or higher in fine art, digital art, multi-media art or other related field. Fortunately, most digital art degree paths are easy to follow by enrolling in one of 300 NASAD accredited schools that offer these programs.

While NASAD, the National Association of Schools of Art and Design, accredits most of the nations top art and design programs, other accrediting agencies do exist. Like NASAD, these agencies are recognized by the U.S. Department of Education.

In addition to NASAD, digital media degree programs may be accredited by the Council for Interior Design; The Distance Education and Training Council (DETC); The Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business (AACSB); The Association of Collegiate Business Schools and Programs (ACBSP); The Council for Higher Education Accreditation (CHEA); and The Distance Education and Training Council (DETC). Visit the U.S. Department of Education website at for a list of other accrediting agencies.

Accredited digital media degree programs will have a number of things in common. They will have similar course requirements, admissions requirements, and internship opportunities. An accredited digital media degree program will require successful completion of:
* 3D Imaging * Adobe InDesign * Advanced Digital Media * Communication and Technology * Digital Arts: Culture * Theory, and Practice * Digital Media * Digital Printmaking * Digital Synthesis and Systems * Document Design * Entertainment Arts * Imaging and Mixed Media * Introduction to Mass Media * Media Graphics * New Media Art in Context * Photoshop * Principles of Media Studies * Quark * Sound and Image * Visual Foundations

Admissions requirements for design programs are a little different from admissions requirements for non-creative degree programs. Academics are important, however, a hefty amount of weight is placed on the applicant?s creative portfolio. This portfolio should contain the applicant?s best work. In addition to a creative portfolio, you will have to submit a completed application, official test scores and transcripts, an application essay, a letter or recommendation, and an application fee. In some cases, an interview may be required.

To locate accredited digital media art degree programs, stick to trusted college directories and college ranking websites such as Princeton Review and . Some students also swear by search engines such as Bing, Ask, or Google. With search engines, however, you will have to do some additional ?weeding out,? which has already been done for you through directories and ranking sites.


Iowa Chiropractic Schools

Iowa chiropractic schools offer professional training in the practices of chiropractics to provide natural healing to those with skeletal and joint problems. The first chiropractic school was founded in Davenport, Iowa, in 1897 by D. D. Palmer just two years after he performed the first recorded chiropractic adjustment. Chiropractic medicine soon set a path to this new approach to health care that has since grown into the second largest licensed health care profession in the United States. Chiropractic schools in Iowa continue the tradition, teaching this beneficial form of natural healing to thousands annually.

Iowa chiropractic schools provide extensive programs in chiropractic medicine, which emphasize prevention of disease and disability through natural means without drugs or invasive surgery. Rather than the traditional approaches to medicine, chiropractic schools teach students structural and neurological aspects of the body and how to provide treatment for correcting physical misalignment and various ways to address disease prevention.

Chiropractic is generally considered an alternative or complementary form of health care. Students study many of the usual medical sciences – anatomy, biology, chemistry, pathology – but also study nutrition, communication skills, psychology, counseling, X-ray, diagnostics, and practical hands-on clinical treatment. In Iowa chiropractic schools, students can expect to receive thorough preparation in alternative healthcare chiropractics as they learn spinal manipulation, joint adjustment, physiological therapeutics, clinical nutrition, lifestyle counseling, and hygiene for improving the general health of clients.

Students will find many services available to them, such as Financial Aid through assistantships, scholarships, loans, and grants. Assistance with housing and placement services may also be available in Iowa chiropractic schools.

In short, you can take that first step to becoming a licensed chiropractor with excellent training from one of the top chiropractic schools in Iowa. So why not start now?

You can learn more about Iowa Chiropractic Schools on our website. We invite you to visit today and select a few top schools to contact. You will soon have the information you need to make an informed choice that will greatly improve your career outlook.

In your search for chiropractic training, you may wish to look into schools in other states, such as:

– Connecticut Chiropractic Schools

– Missouri Chiropractic Schools

– Minnesota Chiropractic Schools

– Florida Chiropractic Schools

– Georgia Chiropractic Schools

DISCLAIMER: Above is a GENERAL OVERVIEW and may or may not reflect specific practices, courses and/or services associated with ANY ONE particular school(s) that is or is not advertised on our website.

Copyright 2007 – All rights reserved by Media Positive Communications, Inc.

Notice: Publishers are free to use this article on an ezine or website, provided the article is reprinted in its entirety, including copyright and disclaimer, and ALL links remain intact and active.

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The Importance Of Online Education

The progression of technology each day more and more people are hooked to the magical world of internet. The thing coming into the forefront because of this evolution is the advent of internet learning or online education. A growing number of conventional schools are now offering online degree programs so that the people that cannot attend normal school because of a problem might not loose out on education. This is also a great facility for busy working professionals that want to boost their careers.
The thing which is making these study programs so popular is the convenience and flexibility that these online schools offer are what people find attractive. Online learning is getting universally popular but it has risen to staggering heights in the US. Statistics reveal that every year about 7-11 percent increase in the number of students that study online. The online registered students are in the tens of millions with about 3 million students in the US. Institutes like Rochville University have yearly turnover of about 50000 students.

The most popular online programs at both the undergraduate and professional levels are business and IT related. Rochville University gives out degrees in 150 different courses. There is also a massive improvement in the technology that is being used for the classes. The things that took a lot of time to download and upload can be done in the matter of seconds hence assignments can be submitted easily when it took a lot of time before. There are also better means for Interaction like video conferencing and all while this was done by mails before which is pretty one dimensional way of communication. This has led to a more positive impact on a student?s motivation and performance. Certain other features have also been enhanced like security so the student?s information can be secured. Students can also interact with other students globally this result in the sharing of ideas which transcends cultural and geographical boundaries.

The biggest challenge that faces online educational authorities is that the degrees are not yet universally accepted. The solution for this problem is the online accreditation counsels and they have helped in getting the degrees recognized globally. Universities like Rochville University, Ashwood are accredited for UECOA. These ensure that students like Ashwood, Rochville and Belford universities get accepted the world over.

Online education is definitely the way forward as it enables people to continue with their education no matter where they live and what they do. It is our responsibility that universities like Rochville University don?t close up because of a lack of funds because it will be us who will be the ultimate losers.


The Value of Using GAMSAT Preparation Courses

The Graduate Australian Medical Schools Admission Test, also known as the GAMSAT, is the gateway for aspiring students to become students in medical courses such as medicine, dentistry, and pharmacy. Because of the difficulty of this test and its relative importance in determining the success or failure of those dreaming to become medical professionals, it is no surprise that people are looking for every edge possible to perform well in this test. Among the many methods used by people who are preparing for such an exam is the use of GAMSAT preparation courses. The question is this. What is the value of using such courses? The answer is, surprisingly, a lot.

1. It helps the person prepare for the GAMSAT- That was quite self-explanatory. After all, it is not called a preparation course for nothing. The main reason why these courses are developed to begin with is to give the examinee an idea of how’s the exam going to be like. You can understand the different topics that are about to be asked in these courses. But more importantly, you will know how the questions are actually asked. Some people fail to get high rankings in the GAMSAT because they don’t know how the questions are delivered. By understanding how the questions are asked, it can prepare you better for the exam ahead.

2. GAMSAT Preparation Courses guide you towards being better equipped for the exam proper- Depending on the type of course that you are going to avail, the degree of preparation you can receive may vary. Some of these courses are simply books and online publications, guides that mention the dos and don’ts of the exam. But there are comprehensive courses that feature study guides made by experienced teachers. These guides often mention some exam parts that are difficult to understand. Also, some tips regarding what to do before and during the exam are usually included.

3. It gauges your level of preparedness- It has been said time and again that without proper evaluation, it is tough to determine one’s level of progress. And arguably the best way to determine one’s preparedness for the GAMSAT is to take a simulated GAMSAT exam. Included in these tests are answer keys that help you check your own work. Depending on your scores, you can determine your level of preparedness as well as specific parts of the examination that you still need to work on. Knowing which parts of the exam you should improve on is important for you to make progress.

The GAMSAT is such an important examination for those who want to enter the medical courses in Australia, the United Kingdom, and the Republic of Ireland that they can’t take any chances. Anything that can improve their odds of passing must be welcomed. The value of GAMSAT preparation coursescannot be underestimated. It will prepare you for the subjects expected to appear in the exam, show you how the questions are most likely going to be asked, and help you determine how prepared you really are for the test itself.


Getting The Best Financial Assistance Through College Scholarship

College education is not as simple as it was before. In fact, the cost of studying in college nowadays is becoming quite expensive, considering that there are now additional fees to be taken cared of. Aside from the tuition fees, you have the laboratory fees, college-bound books that should be purchased within the school premises, and other miscellaneous fees (for dental health, for instance). Add to it the cost of board and lodging as well as the food expenses if you decide to study in a college or university situated on other states.

If your family is financially-strapped that even your basic needs are not fully met, it will be a hard time for you to convince your parents to allow you to study in college. Getting a college degree will just remain to be one of your wildest dreams forever?not unless you do something to realize such dream.

You may seek some part-time work so that you will have sufficient funds to finance your college education. However, this type of action will certainly have an adverse effect in your studies, especially if you cannot guarantee that you can handle your part-time work and your college studies at the same time. Thus, it is not an ideal option for a student who opts to study without any important interference, such as a part-time work.

Fortunately, there is still an available and at the same time an ideal option for you. That is, to get yourself a college scholarship.

Your college scholarship will help you finance your college studies and obtain the degree that you want. There are different types of college scholarships that are intended for a specific college degree, whether you decide to pursue a commerce or an engineering career someday. Furthermore, these college scholarships have sufficient funding?either from the federal and state government, colleges and universities, or private institutions?to assure that every scholar will finish their respective degrees without any delay with regards to the financial aspect.

The great thing about a college scholarship is that you are not required to reimburse the expenses that you have incurred during your college years. The funds are allocated for you as if these are your own funds. It is advantageous for students who wants to earn a college degree yet does not have the necessary financial capabilities to do so, compared to other forms of financial assistance such as college loans or federal loans.

At this point, you are probably worrying about where to find these college scholarships that are available. You need not worry; for the Internet is now flooded with college scholarships search engines. This special type of online-based search engine is an online directory of different types of college scholarships, together with the name of the sponsor and their contact phone numbers. If you are lucky in your search in a single college scholarship search engine, you will be provided with the qualifications to be eligible for that scholarship. Thus, through this search engine, you will be able to come up with the college scholarship that will suit your specific college needs.

With these college scholarship search engines, you will have the golden opportunity of getting the degree that you want despite the financial difficulties that you are experiencing. Use this one-of-a-kind advantage and see the results?you may just find yourself with other aspiring college freshman falling in line to pay for tuition fees.

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How To Tackle Low Self-esteem in University

With a healthy self-esteem, you’ll feel happier, enjoy better relationships and be more likely to achieve your goals.

Having a low self-esteem is not cool and can negatively affect your life. But, let’s face it – sometimes the way you feel about yourself can take a real knock. Rebecca Mamabolo, describes self-esteem as how you view yourself: “A high self-esteem means you believe in yourself and value yourself, while a low self-esteem means you don’t.”

The problem with low self-esteem is that it can lead you to doing negative things, like taking drugs or having unprotected sex. “If your self-esteem is low, you won’t care so much about taking good care of yourself by exercising and eating healthily either,” says Mamabolo. “With a low self-esteem, you’re also more likely to get into abusive relationships, which can leave you feeling lonely and sad. You’re also less likely to leave a cheating partner who could give you HIV.”

Mamabolo adds that having a low self-esteem may cause you to choose the wrong career because you don’t trust your own decisions, and feel it’s better to just follow whatever course, diploma or degree your friends are doing. “It’s also harder for you to achieve your goals if you don’t feel good about yourself,” she says. So, remember to respect yourself so others can do the same!

3 steps to boost your self-esteem:


Are You Setting Yourself Up To Procrastinate?

Are You Setting Yourself Up to Procrastinate?

“How can I stop procrastinating?”
This is by far the most frequent question that I get from graduate students and professors. As a dissertation and tenure coach, I?ve come to realize that everyone in academia, whether writing a dissertation, completing an article, or doing research, struggles with procrastination. Why is this so prevalent in such a well-educated, intelligent population?

You’ve Got the Wrong Attitude

Your belief system is what may be standing in the way. Most academics cling to the belief that they must set aside large chunks of time, do a lot of preparation, and be in the proper frame of mind to be able to write.
What this means is that when you finally sit down to write, it’s going to be an unpleasant marathon. You have placed such importance on this writing session that you feel anxiety about it living up to your expectations. And you know it’s going to be difficult. After all, there are thorny issues you haven’t addressed, articles you haven’t read or reread, and a lack of coherence to your thinking. You need to solve those problems. And if you don’t do it now you’ll be quite disappointed in yourself. How unpleasant! And how counterproductive!

What Should You Believe Instead? Or “Oh, The Irony!”

Research by Robert Boyce actually shows that first and second-year professors who participated in a study on writing productivity were able to turn out more publishable pages in a year by
? Writing 30 minutes a day
? Only writing on workdays
? Shoehorning that writing into small gaps in their busy schedules

The difficult part, it turns out, was convincing these professors to try this low-key method in the first place. Ironically, they all insisted that the only way to get real work done was to do it in the marathon way that I described above.
The second irony was that when Boyce actually measured the amount that they were writing per week (before the intervention,) it was less than 30 minutes per week! This was much less than their retrospective reports of how much time they had been spending writing.

The third irony was that those who most adhered to the idea that you must write in large doses were the least productive.
The fourth irony was that although these professors considered writing a private activity, they did best when they were accountable to someone for maintaining their 30-minute writing habit.

Do It Already!

So what’s stopping you from learning from these professors and writing a small amount each day?
Here are typical excuses:
? It’s just not rewarding writing in small amounts. I feel like I’ve gotten nothing accomplished.
? I have a big issue to work out. It will take more time than 30 minutes.
? I feel guilty if I don’t work more each time.
? I’ll never complete my dissertation/paper/research project at that pace.
? I’ve waited until it’s too late and I can’t afford the luxury of that small amount of time per day.
? It just doesn’t feel right.
? I’ve got more time than that, I should be putting all my time to good use.
? It’s so overwhelming that I don’t know where to start, and by the time I figure it out my 30 minutes will be up.

My answer to those responses? Bull! Except for the emergency deadline, there is no reason not to try this technique. Give it time to see if it works for you. If you’re like every other academic I’ve worked with, you will resist the idea. I suggest that the more resistant you are, the more problem you’ve probably had with procrastination in the past.

An Action Plan

Try it for a week. Select a time each day, preferably not the evening unless you’re a night owl, and write for 30 minutes, without email, reading or other distractions. Don’t listen to the voices in your head saying you “should be getting more done,” or “you should be writing more than this.” I’ll bet at the end of the week you’ll be pleasantly surprised at your output, and pleased with the increasing ease with which you can sit down to write. You?ll start to see progress on your dissertation or article and maybe come to believe that you will finish one day.

Furthermore, don’t forget about being accountable to someone. Let someone else know that you’re going to be doing daily writing. Perhaps you can find a writing buddy, or someone in your dissertation group. Or join one of my coaching groups ? our listservs allow for lots of accountability during the week! My membership site, (stay tuned,) will have a place for finding writing buddies.

Don’t forget, if you always do what you’ve always done, you’ll always get what you’ve always got. Start setting yourself up for success starting right now!


College Stress-5 Ugly Studying Habits That Should Be Avoided

Tell me, do you have any college stress as a student? Is it because you scored poor grades or you haven?t read and exams are around the corner? Then what is the cause of this? You should first realize that you don?t get something for nothing. What does this mean? Frankly speaking, you won?t get good results if you?re not willing to put efforts. You have to sacrifice yourself. “What! Sacrifice myself?”

Yes, you have to! No more argument about this! Some efforts are required to achieve the best grades that enable you to further your education. You will agree with me that most pupils in university and college who want to achieve best grades realize that they have first to get rid of bad studying habits. College stress is mostly experienced by students who have bad studying habit along other types of habits. These habits are:

1. Naturally, the worst studying habit is not reading at all or hating a specific subject. Some students never open their textbooks to read yet they expect to score good grades. In context to this, I am confessing to you. But before I do, first promise me that you won?t laugh at me.

Well? while in high school I hated math. I usually kept all mathematics textbooks at the bottom of my locker. So, after a couple of months, I could take them out not to do some math calculations but to dust them. Guess what eventually happened? Do I really need to tell you that I was the second best from bottom? Thanks to God, because I got serious and changed this bad studying habit. You can also do the same if you?re like me. Yes, for sure you can do it to minimize your college stress.

2. Skipping classes is another bad studying habit that contributes to college stress. If your lecturer or teacher wants to discuss a particular topic that is not in the textbooks and you happen to be absent, then there are high chances of you not attaining best grades. The best way to get that information is by attending classes as per schedule. While you might be able to get it from one of your classmates, it’s always better to hear it for yourself.

3. Being unprepared is a bad studying habit. This happens when students don?t have all the requirements such as textbooks or stationery. This ends up causing distraction to students who are prepared.

4. Some bad studying habits that contribute to college stress are physical and psychological in nature. Examples of such habits are: Studying without eating, too much reading without resting, insufficient sleep, home related problem etc.

5. Another studying bad habit that leads to college stress is cramming and last minute intensive reading. It is better you draft a reading schedule to help you in preparing for exams early.